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For the next three centuries, the city suffered a series of disasters including the effects of the Dano-Swedish War which terminated with the Treaty of Roskilde in 1658, With the development of the rail network, Roskilde became an important hub for traffic with Copenhagen.
In the 1870s and 1880s, the harbour was extended attracting industrial firms to the area.
With the development of the rail network in the 19th century, Roskilde became an important hub for traffic with Copenhagen, and by the end of the century, there were tobacco factories, iron foundries and machine shops.
From the 11th century until 1443, it was the capital of Denmark.
Roskilde has a long history, dating from the pre-Christian Viking Age.